Find it All Fresh  

Giannis Moros,  a popular Greek furniture designer who switched his job for Raw Greek Products which he sells in the Fresh Markets of Athens neighborhoods. What he enjoys most, he says, is the pure fresh herbs and veggies aroma, that escorts the products from land to plate ...



Herbs and Spices in Greek Cooking

No one can neglect the importance of recipes, passed down by word-of- mouth, from mother to daughter, from neighbor to neighbor.

Greeks have always used a great variety of greens, herbs and vegetables in their diet and today’s Greek “cookery books” include more than 2.500 vegetarian and vegan recipes.

Many vegetarian dishes are served as a healing method for chronic diseases, or to contrast severe adverse health effects. Let’s have an overview of the most important ingredients you’ll find in the main recipes

Spices in Greek Cooking Food

  • Greek name: Bahari
  • Pronounced: bah-HAH-ree
  • Name in Greek: μπαχάρι

This spice is derived from cured berries from tropical evergreens.

It's often used in baking in Greece. 

  • Greek name: Glykaniso
  • Pronounced: ghlee-KAH-nee-so
  • Name in Greek: γλυκάνισο

Anise is available as seeds or as an extract. It's an herb in the parsley family and has a wide range of uses, from baking to beef and fish recipes. It can also be found in some spiced beverages. 

  • Greek name: Karthamo
  • Pronounced: KAR-thah-mo 
  • Name in Greek: κάρδαμο

Cardamom pods can appear large compared to some other spices. They commonly accent Greek beef and pork recipes. 

  • Greek name: Kanela
  • Pronounced: kah-NEH-lah
  • Name in Greek: κανέλα

Who doesn't smell cinnamon and think of the holidays? Cinnamon is also the main feature of kapama, a Greek braised cinnamon chicken dish. 

  • Greek name: Garifalo
  • Pronounced: ghah-REE-fah-lo
  • Name in Greek: γαρίφαλο

Cloves are often used in cakes, pastries, and sweets in Greece — including kourambiedes, traditional Christmas cookies.

  • Greek name: Kolianthro
  • Pronounced: koh-LEE-ahn-throh 
  • Name in Greek: κολίανδρο

Like anise, coriander is a member of the parsley family. Native to the Mediterranean and the Middle East, it's used as a medicine as well as in traditional Greek cooking. It has a strong, earthy flavor, but much of this is leached during the cooking process, leaving a more delicate taste.

  • Greek name: Kymino
  • Pronounced: KEE-mee-no
  • Name in Greek: κύμινο

Some Greek potato dishes feature cumin, as does soutzoukakia — Greek baked meatballs. It's used as seeds or it can be ground to add a hint of smokiness to recipes. 

  • Greek name: Kari
  • Pronounced: KAH-ree
  • Name in Greek: κάρι

Curry brings to mind Indian and Asian dishes, but it's used in Greek cuisine as well. It's actually a mixture of other spices, including cumin, coriander, cardamom and ginger. 

  • Greek name: Piperoriza
  • Pronounced: pee-peh-ROH-ree-zah
  • Name in Greek: πιπερόριζα

This spice is somewhat strong and is used in candies, tea, and wine, but it's also the foundation of some Greek soups. 

Hot Chili Pepper 
  • Greek name: Boukovo
  • Pronounced: BOO-koh-voh
  • Name in Greek: μπούκοβο

Chili peppers are often used in Greek dips and condiments. 

Hot Peppers
  • Greek name: Kafteres Piperies
  • Pronounced: kaf-ter-ES pee-peh-ree-ES
  • Name in Greek: καυτερές πιπεριές

Chili peppers are in a class of their own and they tend to be very hot.

Regular "hot" peppers are a tad more mild, but they shouldn't be confused with sweet peppers — the red, green and yellow varieties often used in salads. 

  • Greek name: Mahlepi
  • Pronounced: mahk-LEH-pee
  • Name in Greek: μαχλέπι

This spice is made from the seeds of a species of wild sour cherry, and it has a unique fruity taste. It's used in tsoureki, a traditional sweet bread associated with Greek Easter.

  • Greek name: Mastiha
  • Pronounced: mahs-TEEKH-hah
  • Name in Greek: μαστίχα

The Greeks often use mastic in the making of liquors, and it's rarely found outside the country. The Greek island of Chios lays claim to producing some of the best mastic. It derives from the pistacia lentiscus tree and is used in Greek Easter bread, as well as in rice pudding and ice cream. 

Mustard Powder
  • Greek name: Moustartha Skoni
  • Pronounced: moo-STAR-thah SKOH-nee 
  • Name in Greek: μουστάρδα σκόνη

Greeks make mustard powder by mixing and grinding white and black mustard seeds. Then wheat flour, salt, and sugar may be added to achieve the desired flavor. 

  • Greek name: Moschokarido
  • Pronounced: mos-ho-KAH-ree-thoh 
  • Name in Greek: μοσχοκάρυδο

Moussaka equals nutmeg, and moussaka is one of the most popular dishes in Greece. Nutmeg is also a prime addition to pastitsio. 

  • Greek name: Piperi
  • Pronounced: pee-PEH-ree
  • Name in Greek: πιπέρι

Pepper is a fairly standard spice worldwide, and its use doesn't differ much in Greek cooking. 

  • Greek name: Zafora or Safrani
  • Pronounced: zah-for-AH or sah-FRAH-nee
  • Name in Greek: ζαφορά, σαφράνι

Saffron is an almost mystical spice in Greece. The Greeks have recognized the medicinal value of the saffron crocus dating back to before the Middle Ages. The plant is still painstakingly cultivated today, and the spice is commonly used in rice-based recipes and dishes.  

  • Greek name: Vanilia
  • Pronounced: vah-NEEL-yah
  • Name in Greek: βανίλια

Vanilla is another worldwide favorite. The Greeks use it typically and most famously in their yogurt. 


Greek Tea from the mountain of gods...


Mountain Tea...Sideritis of Pedanius Dioscorides (40-90 AD), named after the Greek physician, pharmacologist and botanist who wrote the well-known De Materia Medica, is an herb belonging to a large genus in the family of Labiaceae (the family of minty plants). Sideritis includes more than 150 species, bushes full of small yellow blossoms growing at high altitude in rough, mountainous terrain.

In Greece alone, 17 different species are indigenous, extremely fragrant and very productive: Sideritis athoa (growing on Mount Athos), Sideritis clandestina (growing on the especially rough Mount Helmos and Taygetos in the Peloponnese), Sideritis scardica (on Mount Olympus) and many more. 

Greek2m Spicy, Herbs 2heal

The Greek landscape is determined by colourful hills and valleys full of plants, but Greeks consider them so basic in their daily routine  that they seed oregano, basil, dill, parsley, mint and other herbs in pots at their balconies or in their yards.


enjoy our slideshow in 3D


Find them on your Feet, Smell them,
Heal by them 

Greek cuisine boasts delightful, tasteful, light and healthy ingredients that are supported by the climate and nutritional elements of the land.

The sun and salty sea play a key role in the growing process of agricultural products, with unique beneficial effects on crops. And of course, raw materials are fresh and rich in nutrients

The Ancient Greeks discovered the therapeutic properties of greens and herbs. 

Many Greek philosophers recommended a healthy and balanced diet to heal diseases and pain.

Greeks used herbs both fresh and dried, as whole leaves or crushed/flaked, as they still do today, they  use stems and not only leaves from many herbs for cooking

Go to our Spicy Greek2m 3D Slideshow (some pictures on the gallery above) to find most of the common herbs and spices by their pharmaceutical indication according to the Ancient Greece's Medicine's knowledge  

 More spices, popular around the world, but also rare for their nutritional value that can be found only in the Greek land, on the slideshow below   

slideshow source :Greek Herbs, God's pharmacy Maria Vassilopoulou linkedin


The thousands Years of Therapeutical Greek Herbs and Spices use 

by latest science update 

the healing Greek spices to save you from flu

The Miracle three Cretan Herbs that Keep #Cold&Flu away

The Unique in Greece Spicy Heavy Industry

A brave example of the exploitation of Greece's unique "botanical garden"... 

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the ancient Greek ginger, a product of international commerce

Any idea of the Ancient DNA of the real Greek ginger? 

Absolutely - our country is the paradise of plants and herbs, uniquely worldwide . We have 6,500 plants in Greece, of which 1,200 are endemic. Only Mount Olympus hosts 1,700 plants, and the not to forget , the rock of the Acropolis hosts 300 endemic spices . Only 200 spices have been thoroughly studied scientifically around the world.  Countries such as Germany and England have just a two-digit number of endemic plants. I think that the prospects are clear.

George Korres, March 2017 

and the donkeys give the ride....  

Mainland Greece, thyme and oregano collected illegally from the wild mountain fields in  their road to market ...


Smell the roses!

In Greece , Be Scent-sational

Be “scent-sational.”, while you are in Greece. You have thousand reasons a day, as by any chance a scent vapours our sensors as you walk around, not only in countryyard or in the parks, but actually , in every corner 

You’d be surprised about the impact simple things can have on your mood and starting frist, consider your sense of smell. By being in an environment where pleasurable scents exist, your mood is automatically elevated.

• Lavender for example is a scent that promotes relaxation. You may find it so often in Greece's gardens, even just next to your room. Take advantage of it ,  and awake your sense of smelling , You 'll be delightfully surprised . 
Find out what the roses that you meet around the cities and villages, the basil, and more mean to your mood by  our Pinterest Special Board 
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