|Posted by moodhacker on December 28, 2016 at 8:10 PM|
A spike of gastroenteritis cases has been recently noticed in Greece, the Greek CDC (Hellenic Cennter of Disease Control and Prevention ) said on a press release on Wedneday December 28.
According to the Greek CDC (HCDCP/ KEELPNO) epidemiological surveillance, there are sings of sporadic outbreaks pf viral gastroenteritis cases throughout Greece that continue to rise during the last weeks.
The organization urged citizens to take basic precautions to avoid contagion.
Experts talking to the media reminded to the public that the virus is contagious since the onset of gastorenteritis infection , by the first appearance of symptoms – which are stomach ache, diarrhea and/or vomiting – and up to three days after the symptoms subside, and noted the high number of children infections reported so far .
The Greek CDC advised people who show such symptoms to avoid contact with babies, elderly or immunocompromised. people as to avoid further spreading the virus .
Experts said also , that the patients may need to abstain from food for two days to combat the infection, a not official by the Greek CDC advice though, that was said by doctors of the Public Hospitals through the TV news channels .
The Hellenic Center of Disease Control reminded the general guidelines for Viral Gastroenteritis Protection
Points to Remember
- Viral gastroenteritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach, small intestine, and large intestine. Several different viruses can cause viral gastroenteritis, which is highly contagious and extremely common.
- The main symptoms of viral gastroenteritis are watery diarrhea and vomiting.
- Dehydration is the most common complication of viral gastroenteritis.
- When someone does not drink enough fluids to replace those that are lost through vomiting and diarrhea, dehydration can result. Signs of dehydration in adults are excessive thirst, infrequent urination, dark-colored urine, dry skin, and lethargy, dizziness, or faintness.
- Infants, young children, older adults, and people with weak immune systems have the greatest risk of becoming dehydrated.
- Viral gastroenteritis is transmitted from person to person.
- Diagnosis of viral gastroenteritis is usually based on symptoms alone.
- Most cases of viral gastroenteritis resolve over time without specific treatment. Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections. The primary goal of treatment is to reduce symptoms.
- Adults with viral gastroenteritis should drink plenty of liquids such as fruit juices, sports drinks, caffeine-free soft drinks, and broths to replace fluids and electrolytes.
- Children with viral gastroenteritis should be given oral rehydration solutions to prevent dehydration.
- People can reduce their chances of getting or spreading viral gastroenteritis if they wash their hands thoroughly with soap and warm water for 20 seconds after using the bathroom or changing diapers and before eating or handling food, disinfect contaminated surfaces, and avoid foods or liquids that might be contaminated.
WhWhat causes viral gastroenteritis?
Four types of viruses cause most cases of viral gastroenteritis.
Rotavirus and Norovirus are the most common
- Rotavirus is the leading cause of gastroenteritis among infants and young children. Rotavirus infections are most common in infants 3 to 15 months old.
- Symptoms usually appear 1 to 3 days after exposure.
- Rotavirus typically causes vomiting and watery diarrhea for 3 to 7 days, along with fever and abdominal pain.
- Rotavirus can also infect adults who are in close contact with infected children, but the symptoms in adults are milder.
- Norovirus is the most common calicivirus and the most common cause of viral gastroenteritis in adults.
- Norovirus is usually responsible for epidemics of viral gastroenteritis.
- Norovirus outbreaks occur all year but are more frequent from October to April.
- People infected with norovirus typically experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fatigue, headache, and muscle aches.
- The symptoms usually appear 1 to 2 days after exposure to the virus and last for 1 to 3 days.
How is viral gastroenteritis transmitted?
Viral gastroenteritis is transmitted from person to person. Viruses are present in the stool and vomit of people who are infected.
- Infected people may contaminate surfaces, objects, food, and drinks with viruses, especially if they do not wash their hands thoroughly after using the bathroom.
- When an infected person with unwashed hands shakes hands with or touches another person, the virus can spread.
- When an infected person vomits, the virus can become airborne.
People may be infected with viruses by
- touching contaminated surfaces or objects and then touching their mouths
- sharing food, drink, or eating utensils with infected people
- eating foods that are contaminated with the virus, such as oysters from contaminated waters
- swallowing airborne particles that contain viruses
- Norovirus is especially contagious. Norovirus can survive for months on surfaces that are not thoroughly disinfected with a bleach solution. Hard surfaces should be cleaned with a mixture of 2 cups of bleach and 1 gallon of water.
- Infected people who do not have symptoms can still transmit viruses. Viruses may be present in the stool up to 2 weeks after a person recovers from gastroenteritis.
- Outbreaks of viral gastroenteritis can occur in households, childcare settings, schools, nursing homes, cruise ships, camps, dormitories, restaurants, and other places where people gather in groups.
For more information on how to avoid stomach flu in Greece and keep food safety protection guidelines,
Visit our special page