Protect from #Heat in Greece, before and during the high temperatures, by the official Guidelines of the Greek CDC, @keelpno_gr
|Posted by moodhacker on June 30, 2016 at 10:45 AM|
During the Heat days in Greece the Ministry of Health recommends for people with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, and for all adults, infants and especiallly aged people sensitive to air pollution, to remain indoors and avoid traffic on the external environment.
It is also recommended to those population's sensitive groups to avoid intense physical activity, which could cause respiratory tract irritation and lead to serious respiratory problems.
Protecion from excessive exposure to heat is necessary as to be avoided:
• The dehydration of the body.
• Heat exhaustion and heat stroke, which can become lifethreatening fro sensitive but also healthy people of any age
Particularly vulnerable to heat are the following groups:
• The population groups of extreme ages (infants, elderly).
• Patients suffering from chronic diseases
or patients of serious neurological or psychiatric diseases.
• People who take medication with diuretics and other drugs such as
• People with obesity.
• People who work or live outdoors or athletes.
• People who consume too much alcohol or take drugs.
Symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke
Heat exhaustion includes symptoms such as:
• fainting, payment forces,
• cold and clammy skin,
• drop in blood pressure,
• normal (usually) body temperature,
Information by phone: 210- 5212054 / 5212000- KEELPNO
First aid for heat exhaustion
If someone displays symptoms of heat exhaustion, you should:
• Transfer the sufferer in a cool, airy, shady or air-conditioned area or if outdoors, take him on trees shadow.
• Give the person drink slowly cool water (not ice cold).and be sure he drinks it slowly
Alcoholic beverages or liquids containing caffeine (coffee, caffeinated, sofft drinks).are not advised
• Loosen or remove clothing that may be annoying.
• Use wet with cold water towels or sheets to cool his body.
• Ensure that the patient can sit back and watch him on recovery changes of his health condition.
If no improvement is noticed , the patient has to be immediately to be transported to the hospital.
What you should do in case of heat stroke
In case of heat stroke, you must immediately provide medical assistance or make evacuation of the person in hospital.
Until then, you can take the following actions:
• Transfer the patient in a cool, airy or air space and in any case shady as under trees.
• Reduction of the patient's body temperature with wet sheets or towels or other cold compresses or taking in a bathtub with cool
• Gradual granting of small amounts of cool water if the patient is conscious and not vomiting (never give fluids to unconscious person).
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heat stroke occurs with more severe events such as:
• increased body temperature (<40.5oC),
• hot and red skin, absence of sweating,
• coagulation disorders
• behavioral disorders, loss of consciousness or coma.
For personal protection during the days of the heatwave Control & Prevention Center Diseases recommends the following:
- Drink plenty of fluids (water, fruit or vegetable juices).
- Avoid coffee and alcohol.
- Avoid direct sun exposure and limit movements
- Stay in shaded and cool places, avoid overcrowded areas
- Use, if possible, air conditioning or fan during the warmer hours of the day.
- Dress in light, comfortable clothes. Wear a hat and sunglasses when outdoors.
- Have lots of cold showers during the day.
- If you sweat a lot, you can increase the salt consumption (take medical advice if the salt restriction is recommended you).
- Eat small and light meals, emphasizing fruit and vegetable intake
- Avoid heavy manual work, especially in places with high temperature, apnea and high humidity.
- If you suffer from chronic diseases (respiratory, cardiovascular, etc.) consult your doctor for any special measures to take.
- If you have a newborn at home, make sure you the infants dressed lightly and consult your pediatrician
- Close the external windows during the hottest hours of the day and open them for fresh air during the night.
- If you have elderly relatives or acquaintances, it is advisable to not leave them alone or unattendent during the days of heat.
- If you experience any discomfort or inconvenience, contact your doctor.
To prepare for extreme heat, you should ( by FEMA)
- To begin preparing, you should build an emergency kit and make a family communications plan.
- Install window air conditioners snugly; insulate if necessary.
- Check air-conditioning ducts for proper insulation.
- Install temporary window reflectors (for use between windows and drapes), such as aluminum foil-covered cardboard, to reflect heat back outside
- Weather-strip doors and sills to keep cool air in.
- Cover windows that receive morning or afternoon sun with drapes, shades, awnings, or louvers. (Outdoor awnings or louvers can reduce the heat that enters a home by up to 80 percent.)
- Keep storm windows up all year.
- Listen to local weather forecasts and stay aware of upcoming temperature changes..
- Get trained in first aid to learn how to treat heat-related emergencies.