Vrisa is an oldfashioned village in the south of lesbos bewteen the beach of Vatera and the village of Polichnitos. It is a very quiet place, and between the old houses that sometimes seem to be falling apart, there are some beautifully renovated houses, and there is a nice church. Vrissa has got narrow streets with cobbles and in the village there are some supermarkets and tavernas. On the edge of the town there are two old ouzo factories and there are petrol stations.
In the village you can find the National History Museum.
The populations of the Lower Paleolithic Age “walked” through Aegean to reach Lesvos on their migration routes, which was the Garden of Eden land that helped survival
These populations simply passed Aegean on foot, transferring cultural and technological achievements of their era “say Nena Galanidis, Associate Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology at the University of Crete who has led the special archaeological research on Lesvos based on excavations that find today their epicenter at Lisvory, Lesvos area, near Kalloni gulf, at the large Polychnitos area , on the east side of which lies Vatera beach.
Lesvos, a big rich island today with incredible natural resources, had been an ideal destination, a garden of Eden, at the prehistoric times , and had served deep back in history as the migration passage for the populations of that time, the flows people of the lower Paleolithic era migrating during the glacier times in order to survive. And we don’t even know how much of “humans” that population had been
“Before 500,000 years, we have to imagine that this island used to join with Western Asia, and then to rule again. Today we all know Lesvos as an island, but had not always been island throughout the hundreds thousand years of its history.
During the glacial periods of times, the sea level fell, while the ocean water was “locked” in the glaciers due to drought and cold, the sea level fell, and a decline of about 60 meters was enough to unite Lesvos (and most of the islands of the Eastern Aegean) with West Asia, adds professor Nena Galanidou, find that
During the construction of a building in Vatera, the lower jawbone of a provoscidoto (elephant) was initially discovered. The fossil was determined to belong to the species of anarcus arvenencis, an elephant that disappeared 1,6 million years ago.
More research led to the discovery of more fossils such as the hooves of a petrified horse, the shell of a turtle and the crumbled jawbone of the carnivorous species nyctereutes.
The quantity of fossils is unique partly because of the diversity of species and second and more important because of the fossils themselves, some of which are completely unknown and several that are well known in other places: a dwarf antelope, a giant turtle and a big ape.
A second excavation, organized in September, confirmed the first conclusions.
This fossil-bearing spot in Vatera is of great scientific importance as it provides us with significant information concerning the natural environment during the Pliocene, just
before the beginning of the Ice Age, a period when
the early humans appeared
in the Old World
learn more by the official Municipality of Vrisa site
On the age of 15
while still studying in the
high school of Polichnitos,
he had read
all the books
of the small library
of his village..
This is why
"This fossil-bearing spot in Vatera is of great scientific importance as it provides us with significant information concerning the natural environment during the Pliocene, just before the beginning of the Ice Age, a period when the early humans appeared in the Old World".
The abundance of gazelle, horse and antelope fossils implies a savanna environment. The sediments indicate the existence of a river system where, most probably, forests developed at its banks. The presence of an ape-paradolichopithecus-known only in two places in Europe and the giant turtle constitute the fauna of Vatera unique.
From the beach of Vatera you can see the Isle of Chios. Two million years ago,
which is also the age of fossils, the view was completely different. Chios was joined to Lesvos. There was a river system with flood plains. There were herds of gazelles and giraffes fed with grass or tree leaves.
The findings of the Vatera excavations are hosted in the old school of Vrisa. It is a particularly interesting collection consisting of a) petrified findings of vertebrate and invertebrate such as biped apes, large horses, gazelles, deers, cattle, mammoths, elephants and other fossils, b) petrology and mineralogy fossils which covers the mining wealth of Lesvos, c) a department of zoology with representative species of the Lesvos fauna, d) a botany department with samples of contemporary and petrified fauna of Lesvos.
In the back yard of the museum a clay model of the giant turtle-in the size of a small car-is exhibited.:
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