You can get hepatitis A through contaminated food or water in Greece, so talk to your doctor to see if the hepatitis A vaccine is right for you, according to the Yellow Book for Travellers, Destination Greece
Hepatitis A outbreaks occur throughout the world and sometimes in countries with a low risk for hepatitis A (including the US).
In Greece during the last year there has been a spike in HepatitisA cases mostly in migrant and refugee populations and in Greek workers in the hot spots and people of the Greek Coast Guard
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Prevalence depends on local sanitary conditions. HAV circulates widely in populations living in areas with poor sanitation infrastructure.
**From poor sanitation areas to the industrialized places
In poor sanitation areas, persons often acquire the virus during childhood when the illness is asymptomatic (but still infective to others) or mild, and end up developing full immunity.
Large outbreaks in those areas and populations are rare,.though, in contrast, a large number of non-immune persons are found in highly industrialized countries where community wide outbreaks can occur when proper food handling or proper hygiene practices are not maintained including in daycare centres, prisons,
or mass gatherings.
In many cases, the infection is asymptomatic – persons do not exhibit symptoms.
Symptoms include malaise, sudden onset of fever, nausea, abdominal pain, and jaundice after a few days.
The illness can range from mild to severe lasting from one to two weeks or several months. Severe cases can be fatal especially in older persons.
.The authorities on the islands, and especially in Lesvos
allow asylum seekers to go in and out if they have been detained for more than 25 days due to the recent law adopted by the Greek Parliament on April 2, blanket “restriction of movement” on new arrivals inside closed facilities at border entry points – such as the islands – for up to 25 days during reception and identification . The paradigm again is Lesvos, the island of "Solidarity", which silently follows its fate this year , and unquestionably 'absorbs" the migrants and refugees that are allowed to move in the islands. You see them more and more often in the market, the cafeterias, at the beach , in the souvlaki shops, the squares, in the islands' streeets. Still, locals from the countryside, near the accommodation centers complaint for their domestic farms, where from the migrants, as they say, steal their chicken, goats, turkeys and ...even peacocks. Some laughter the animals in the farm. The vast majority of asylum seekers are unable to leave the islands. Greek2m, August 2016
Cafe owner , Lesvos:
"The conditions are out of control and present enormous risks to the public health," the mayors complained in a letter to Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, in reference to the camp at Hellinikon, the site of Athens' old airport.
A total of 4,153 people, including many families, have been held there for the last month in miserable conditions.
Risk of epidemics rises in Greece on migrants populations all over the country
“Cases of Hepatitis A, chicken pox, coughing and breathing problems, and head lice infestations have been reported among children and adults.“Given the increasing health concerns, particularly among the thousands of children spending their days in wet clothes without proper access to hygiene and warmth, we are increasing our efforts and bringing in extra medics from across Europe and beyond.”
See more on the official announcement of IFCR
“The Greek CDC(HCDCP), in collaboration with local health agencies, has taken all immediated actions for the prevention and the entrenchment of the disease in vulnerable refugee populations”, the organisation’s Press Release
ATHENS, August 2016 — Doctors Without Borders (MSF) has decried the high cost humanitarian organizations pay for vaccines – up to 20 times the normal prices – for vulnerable children in refugee settings. MSF and Save the Children are calling on drug companies to lower vaccine prices.
Humanitarian organizations have targeted pneumonia, along with polio, diphtheria and tetanus, in their efforts to vaccinate young children in Greek refugee camps. Pneumonia, according to an MSF news release, is the “single largest killer of children under five worldwide,” adding that it is a disease that “is particularly acute in humanitarian crises.”by MSF official announcement, go to article
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