1. Avoid close contact.
Avoid close contact with people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too.2. Stay home when you are sick.
If possible, stay home from work, school, and errands when you are sick. This will help prevent spreading your illness to others.3. Cover your mouth and nose.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick.5. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth.
Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces at home, work or school, especially when someone is ill. Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food.
Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand rub.
wash your hands properly
Wash hands with soap and clean, running water (if available):
Washing hands with soap and water is the best way to reduce the number of microbes on them in most situations. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers can quickly reduce the number of microbes on hands in some situations, but sanitizers do not eliminate all types of germs.
Hand sanitizers are not as effective when hands are visibly dirty or greasy
Like all drugs, Antibiotics can have unwanted and serious side effects, some of which may not become apparent until many thousands of patients have been treated.
Such is the case with an important class of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones. The best known are Cipro (ciprofloxacin), Levaquin (levofloxacin) and Avelox (moxifloxacin). Levofloxacin was also the subject of more than 2,000 lawsuits from patients who had suffered severe reactions after taking it.
Fluoroquinolones are often inappropriately prescribed.
Instead of being reserved for use against serious, perhaps life-threatening bacterial infections like hospital-acquired pneumonia, these antibiotics are frequently prescribed for sinusitis, bronchitis, earaches and other ailments that may resolve on their own or can be treated with less potent drugs or nondrug remedies — or are caused by viruses, which are not susceptible to antibiotics.
Dr. Mahyar Etminan, a pharmacological epidemiologist at the University of British Columbia, who has has denounced to the international community that the drugs were overused “by lazy doctors who are trying to kill a fly with an automatic weapon.” directed a study published in April in
The Journal of the American Medical Association showing that the risk of suffering a potentially blinding retinal detachment was nearly fivefold higher among current users of fluoroquinolones, compared with nonusers.
In another study submitted for publication, he documented a significantly increased risk of acute kidney failure among users of these drugs.
The conditions Dr. Etminan has studied are relatively easy to research because they result in hospitalizations with diagnoses that are computerized and tracked in databases.
Debilitating Side Effects
In addition to being unable to walk uphill, climb stairs or see clearly, symptoms are reported to included dry eyes, mouth and skin; ringing in his ears; delayed urination; uncontrollable shaking; burning pain in his eyes and feet; occasional tingling in his hands and feet; heart palpitations; and muscle spasms in his back and around his eyes.
Adverse reactions to fluoroquinolones may occur almost anywhere in the body. In addition to occasional unwanted effects on the musculoskeletal, visual and renal systems, the drugs in rare cases can seriously injure the central nervous system (causing “brain fog,” depression, hallucinations and psychotic reactions), the heart, liver, skin (painful, disfiguring rashes and phototoxicity), the gastrointestinal system (nausea and diarrhea), hearing and blood sugar metabolism.
The rising use of these potent drugs has also been blamed for increases in two very serious, hard-to-treat infections: antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (known as MRSA) and severe diarrhea caused by Clostridium difficile. One study found that fluoroquinolones were responsible for 55 percent of C. difficile infections at one hospital in Quebec.
The FDA announced on August 15, 2013, that fluoroquinolone drugs such as Levaquin, Cipro and Avelox will be required to change packaging inserts to contain…see more by Blog Natural News
Beyond any worries for the medications' side effects, to succeed combating the flu or other viral uinfections, when an antibiotic is appropriately prescribed, it is extremely important to take the full prescription as directed and not to stop treatment when the patient simply begins to feel better, according to the official medical guidelines
A half-dozen fluoroquinolones have been taken off the market because of unjustifiable risks of adverse effects. Those that remain are undeniably important drugs, when used appropriately. But doctors at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have expressed concern that too often fluoroquinolones are prescribed unnecessarily as a “one size fits all” remedy without considering their suitability for different patients.
Experts caution against giving these drugs to certain patients who face higher than average risks of bad reactions — children under age 18, adults over 60, and pregnant and nursing women — unless there is no effective alternative. The risk of adverse effects is also higher among people with liver disease and those taking corticosteroids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Guidelines by the American Thoracic Society state that fluoroquinolones should not be used as a first-line treatment for community-acquired pneumonia; it recommends that doxycycline or a macrolide be tried first.
A version of this article appears in print on 09/11/2012, on page D7 of the NewYork edition with the headline: A Cure That Can Be Worse Than the Illness
More longterm studies needed
No one knows how often serious adverse reactions occur. The F.D.A.’s reporting system for adverse effects is believed to capture only about 10 percent of them. Complicating the problem is that, unlike retinal detachments that were linked only to current or very recent use of a fluoroquinolone, the drugs’ adverse effects on other systems can show up weeks or months after the treatment ends; in such cases, patients’ symptoms may never be associated with prior fluoroquinolone therapy.
Pandemic is a Greek world and is defined as an infectious disease or epidemic that spreads across large regions through human populations; from continent-to-continent or worldwide.
Protection From Swine Flu
Take the advice of health professionals and protect yourself from the H1N1 virus
remain from 2 to 8 hours on surfaces people often could not imagine, like on doorknobs and books
Protection from swine flu also entails practicing healthy habits by
and washing your hands with soap and water after touching
The number of deaths due to the H1N1 pandemic flu virus continues to rise in Greece and has already reached the 70 vicitims since the beginning of flu season, according to the Greek Center for Disease Control (KEELPNO) announcement on Tuesday, March 3. The number of flu-infected patients that are at currently hospitalised in Intensive Care Units is 53, reaching a total of 208 people who required so far ICU hospitalisation.
Τhe majority of patients infected with H1N1, according to the Greek CDC, were not vaccinated against the flu, although they were belonging to the vulnerable population groups suffering from chronic health problems, experts say, adding the epidemiological expectation that the flue season has overcome its peak and will end up at the end of March.
Are Greeks and the greek households prepared on this moment to avoid further infections, severe complications and more deaths in the community, and also, is the Health System fortified adequately to intercept further deaths ?
December 30, 2016 —The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provided an update on flu activity this season from October–mid-December 2016 in today’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report and noted a slow but steady increase in activity during November and early December, with influenza A (H3N2) viruses predominating.
CDC continues to encourage influenza vaccination for everyone 6 months and older to help prevent influenza illness, as well as prompt treatment with flu antiviral drugs for people at high risk of serious flu complications who develop flu symptoms and all people who are seriously ill from flu.
In the past, H3N2-predominant seasons have been associated with more severe illness and higher mortality, especially in older people and young children, relative to H1N1- or B-predominant season. H3N2 viruses were also predominant during the 2014-2015, 2012-2013, 2007-2008, and 2003-2004 flu seasons, the four seasons with the highest flu-associated mortality levels in the past decade in Europe and the United States
cdc.gov, December 30, 2016
Deadly Chinese FluVirus, source still unknown H10N8 claims the life of a third victim in China. China officials report a third person died Friday after contracting a new avian influenza virus called H10N8.
A 75-year-old man living in Nanchang, the capital of Jiangxi Province, passed away on February 8, after admitting himself into a nearby hospital feeling ill on February 4.
This last December, the first reported cases of a new strain of avian flu called H10N8 surfaced in Jiangxi. Two elderly women contracted the new strain and died in December. They both had contact with live poultry. However, the source of the virus is still unknown.The spread of H10N8 and H7N9
Chief of preparedness for the flu division of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Ruben Donis said this new strain is less worrisome and “a far, far cry” from the risk caused by the H7N9 virus.
H7N9 was first recognized in March 2013. Donis points out that the H7N9 virus was found in people living in 10 Chinese provinces. Since March of last year, health officials report about 300 confirmed cases of the H7N9 with more people becoming infected each day and nearly a quarter of the victims have died.
Officials report the H7N9 virus spreads from a birds’ breath rather than the feces, the normal transmission route.Dangers of the H10N8
Researchers find the H10N8 virus contains a mutation that enables it to acclimatize to mammals. This adaptation could make the virus more infectious.
Researchers at the Chinese Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, led by Yuelong Shu wrote,
“The pandemic potential of this novel virus should not be underestimated. Although we cannot predict whether an H10N8 epidemic will occur, our findings suggest that the virus is a potential threat to people.”
Though, the first reported case of the H10N8 virus was found in a 73-year-old women who had recently visited a poultry market a few days before becoming ill in the southeastern city of Nanchang this last December, no samples collected from the market were found. Presently, the source of H10N8 is unknown. More, by Healthy Habits
Μια φωτογραφία που δημοσίευσε ο χρήστης Genna Buck (@gennambuck) στις
Greek to me ! is a Social Responsibility Communication social media for the Traveler's Health Safety in Greece, designated to keep travelers, visitors and foreigners updated 24/7 for any Public Health Safety and Preparedness information concerning Greece and the Greek islands, especially under the critical conditions that one could potentially face while traveling to Greece due to the austerity and refugee crisis .
Traveler's Health Recommendations and Guidelines are provided by the commitment of the greek2m team, to journalistic accuracy and credibility on scientific updated evidence based medical information , under the auspices and the approval of the Greek Center of Disease Control, the Hellenic CDC (HCDP)